Urology is also known as genitourinary surgery. It is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of both male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. Urology is a part of health care which deals with diseases of both male and female urinary tract such as kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. It also deals with the male organs that are able to make babies such as penis, testes, scrotum, prostate, etc. Since health problems in these body parts can happen to everyone, so urologic health is really important.
Urology is also known as a surgical specialty. An urologist encounters a wide range of clinical problems. The disorders that may be treated by urologists include those involving the kidneys, the ureters such as tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder, the adrenal glands, the bladder and the urethra such as the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder. In males, an urologist may also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. The field of urology involves the medical management of conditions such as urinary tract infection, prostate enlargement through to the surgical management of conditions such as bladder cancer, prostate cancer, kidney stones and stress incontinence.
Urologists treat a wide variety of conditions that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.
Prostate gland enlargement
Erectile dysfunction, or trouble getting or keeping an erection
Cancers of the bladder, kidneys, penis, testicles, and adrenal and prostate glands
Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Interstitial cystitis, also called painful bladder syndrome
Varicoceles or enlarged veins in the scrotum
Prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate gland
Bladder prolapse, or the dropping of the bladder into the vagina
Cancers of the bladder, kidneys, and adrenal glands
Blockages and other problems with the urinary tract structure